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Environment
Natural Environment
Date:     Editor:     View: 31361

Geographic Location: Shantou locates in the east of Guangdong Province and in the south of the Hanjiang River Delta. It is adjacent to Raoping County of Chaozhou City to the northeast, Chao'an County of Chaozhou City to the north, Puning County of Jieyang City to the west, Huilai County of Jieyang City to the southwest, and the South China Sea to the southeast. Shantou City is geographically located between 116°14'40" and 117°19'35" East Longitude and between 23°02'33" and 23°38'50" North Latitude. It is 187 nautical miles away from Hong Kong, and 180 nautical miles away from Kaohsiung of Taiwan. Shantou City has always been an important transportation hub, an import and export port and a commodity distribution center in East Guangdong, South Jiangxi and Southwest Fujian, and known as the "Communication Center of South China and Gateway of East Guangdong".

Topographical Features: Topographically, Shantou is primarily composed of alluvial delta plains which account for 63.62% of the total area of the city, following by 30.40% of hilly mountains and 5.98% of tablelands. Shantou City is located on coastal alluvial plains between the Lotus Mountain in East Guangdong and the South China Sea. Its topography tilts from the northwest to the southeast. From the northwest to the southeast, the city shows such sequential terrain features as medium and low mountains–hills, tablelands or terraces–alluvial plains or marine plains–sand banks and sea cliffs before the costal frontline–islands. Shantou has the Lotus Mountain in the northeast, the Sangpu Mountain in the northwest, and the Danan Mountain in the southwest. At the river outfalls along the southeast coast, there are alluvial plains, sea plains, marine erosion topographies, sea bays and islands. The Hanjiang River, Rongjiang River and Lianjiang River run through the city, and form at their outfalls the largest alluvial plain in East Guangdong. Shantou is a coastal city depending on the sea for its prosperity. Its downtown area and subordinate counties (districts) are all close to the sea. Shantou has a zigzag coastline and many islands. It enjoys 217.7kilometers of coastlines and island coastlines, and a total area of 10,000 km2 as ocean function zones, which is five times larger than the land area of the city. The city has 82 islands of different sizes. The largest island is Nan'ao Island. In the south of Nan'ao Island locates the highest peak in Shantou with an altitude of 587 meters. Nan'ao Island is also the only island county in Guangdong Province. Around the Island there are the Nanpeng Archipelago, Lemen Archipelago, Feng Island and Hu Island.

Climate: Shantou City locates on the southeast coast of Guangdong Province. Its coastline goes from the northeast to the southwest. Shantou is in the subtropical zone between the equator low pressure belt and the subtropical high pressure belt, and on the southern edge of the northeast trade wind zone. It is on the southeast end of the Eurasia Continent, the west coast of the Pacific Ocean, and close to the South China Sea. Shantou is under the influences of the northerly wind in winters and the southerly or southeast wind in summers, which bring the city distinctive monsoon climates. The Topic of Cancer passes through the north of Shantou City. With a marine climate of south subtropical zone, Shantou is warm and humid with sufficient sunlight and rainfall as well as a long frost-free period. Spring in Shantou is humid with long rainy days. Early summer features rising temperature and changing weathers with occasional rainstorms. In the midsummer, the temperature is high but the heat is not unbearable. This time is also the typhoon season in Shantou. Autumn is cool and dry in Shantou, when the sky is clear and the air temperature drops significantly. Winter is free from severe coldness; however chill weather will keep up for brief periods. Shantou enjoys sunshine for 2,000 to 2,500 hours annually with the shortest sunshine time in March. The annual rainfall in the city is 1,300 to 1,800 millimeters, and the raining season extends from April to September. The average annual temperature is 21℃ to 22℃ with the lowest temperature above 0℃ and the highest temperature ranging from 36℃ to 40℃, which are usually recorded in mid July and early August when the city is under the influences of the subtropical high pressure zone of the Pacific Ocean. Occasional frosty weather is also recorded in winter in Shantou.


Translate into Chinese:

自然环境
日期:     上传者:     阅读数: 31361

  【地理位置】汕头市位于广东省东部,韩江三角洲南端,东北接潮州市饶平县,北邻潮州市潮安县,西邻揭阳市普宁市,西南接揭阳市惠来县,东南濒临南海。全境位于东经116°14'40"—117°19'35"和北纬23°02'33"至23°38'50"之间,市区距香港187海里,距台湾高雄160海里。历来是粤东、赣南、闽西南一带的重要交通枢纽、进出口岸和商品集散地,素有“华南之要冲,粤东之门户”的美称。

  【地形地貌】汕头地貌以三角洲冲积平原为主,占全市面积63.62%,丘陵山地次之,占土地面积30.40%,台地等占总面积5.98%。汕头市地处海滨冲积平原之上,处在粤东的莲花山脉到南海之间,境内地势自西北向东南倾斜,整个地形自西北向东南依次是中低山——丘陵,台地或阶地——冲积平原或海积平原——海岸前沿的砂陇和海蚀崖——岛屿。东北部有莲花山脉,西北是桑浦山,西南有大南山。东南部沿海沿出江口处为冲积平原或海积平原和海蚀地貌以及港湾和岛屿的分布。韩江、榕江、练江的中、下游流经市境,三江出口处成冲积平原,是粤东最大的平原。汕头依海而立,靠海而兴,市区及所辖各县(区)均临海洋。汕头海岸线曲折,岛屿多。全市海岸线和岛岸线长达217.7公里,纳入汕头市海洋功能区域工作面积约1万平方公里,是陆域面积的5倍之多。全市有大小岛屿82个。最大的海岛是南澳岛,岛西部高峰海拔587米,是汕头的最高峰。南澳岛也是广东省唯一的海岛县,周围有南澎列岛、勒门列岛、凤屿、虎屿等。 
 
  【气候】汕头市位于广东省东南沿海,海岸线走向自东北向西南,汕头属亚热带,处于赤道低气压带和副热带高气压带之间,在东北信风带的南缘。汕头市地处亚欧大陆的东南端、太平洋西岸,濒临南海。冬季常吹偏北风,夏季常吹偏南风或东南风,具有明显的季风气候特征。北回归线从汕头市区北域通过。全市属南亚热带海洋性气候。温和湿润,阳光充足,雨水充沛,无霜期长,春季潮湿,阴雨日多;初夏气温回升,冷暖多变,常有暴雨,盛夏虽高温而少酷暑,常受台风袭击;秋季凉爽干燥,天气晴朗,气温下降明显;冬无严寒,但有短期寒冷。年日照2000—2500小时,日照最短为3月份。年降雨量1300—1800毫米,多集中在4—9月份。年平均气温21℃—22℃,最低气温在0℃以上;最高气温36℃—40℃,多出现于7月中旬至8月初受太平洋副热带高压控制期间。冬季偶有短时霜冻。
 

 
 



 
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