The fabulous Chaoshan handicrafts enjoy high reputation both at home and abroad. As early as in the Neolithic Age, Chaoshan had developed the techniques for producing stoneware and ceramics. In the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, Chaoshan took the lead in Guangdong area in terms of crafts related to ceramic modeling, glazing, jade ware, woodwork, and bronze ware. In the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Chaoshan developed its own characteristic celadon glaze technique as well as copper and iron casting techniques, and produced gold and silver ornaments with distinctive local features. In the Song and Yuan Dynasties, jade ware, woodcarving works and ceramics were massively produced, among which there were a lot of fine works. The diversity and workmanship of the handicrafts at that time were favored by collectors both at home and abroad, which greatly boosted export trade as a result. The Ming and Qing Dynasties saw the prosperity of Chaoshan handicrafts. A lot of fine local handicrafts were passed on. The niche table and the three-dimensional sculpture Golden Tope in Chaoshan Kaiyuan Temple as well as jade ware such as snuff bottles, jade stamps, hair pins, Huaigu and Ruyi were some of the masterpieces from that period.
Chaoshan folk flower lanterns, mosaic ceramics, perfume bags, clay sculptures, paper cuts and jewelry are all packed with local features, and have always been indispensable seasonal ornaments in official and folk occasions. Through thousand years of development, Chaoshan handicrafts have absorbed both Chinese and foreign artistic essences and evolved its own artistic features with distinctive local styles. Many experts and scholars at home and abroad have noted that Chaoshan handicrafts not only inherit the essence of central plain culture, but also demonstrate vivid local characteristics.
Chaoshan handicrafts are made by Chaoshan people with local materials to meet their needs in production and living, demonstrating their own aesthetical perspectives and amazing originality.
Source: Shantou Municipal Bureau of Culture, Radio, TV, Press and Publication